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About Infertility

What is infertility?

 

If a couple has been trying to have children for 1 year with well-timed intercourse, it can be defined as infertility.

Infertility is also common – almost 1 in 5 couples have difficulties conceiving naturally. This includes both if a woman has not been pregnant before (primary infertility) and if the women has had a previous pregnancy (secondary infertility). In fact, 60% of infertility cases arise after a previous pregnancy.

Infertility affects both men and women equally. About 40% of issues involving infertility are due to the man, 40% are due to women – and 20% involve both partners.

 

When should I visit a specialist?

 

How soon a couple should see a specialist depends on the woman's age. This is because age is one of the main determinants of fertility.

Woman

Women under 30

after 1 year without success

Women 30-39

after 6 months without success

Women 39+

as soon as possible
Men

Couples when the male partner is over 40

as soon as possible

Seeing a fertility specialist is a crucial step to identifying and tackling any fertility issues early.

How is female infertility diagnosed?

Female infertility is primarily diagnosed by ovulation monitoring, performing an ultrasound of the uterus (Sono-HSG) and hormone testing.

Based on the results, further tests may include:

    • analysis of cervical mucus after intercourse (PCT)
    • ovarian reserve testing
    • other imaging tests (hysteroscopy)
    • genetic tests
    • laparoscopy.

How is male infertility diagnosed?

Men first undergo a general physical examination. Afterwards semen analysis is used to check the health of sperm. If the tests reveal any abnormalities (number, shape or movement of the sperm), the doctor may recommend additional tests.

Further tests may include:

    • advanced sperm analysis (MSOME, CASA)
    • hormone tests
    • testicular biopsy
    • scrotal ultrasound
    • genetic tests

 

I have worked here for a long time. But, after the procedure, when you get the news, and then you see the happy family with their youngest… it’s truly wonderful. Every time.
lukasz-sroka-invimed-poznan.jpgŁukasz Sroka, M.D., Ph.D

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