Cervical cytology is the basic test that allows the diagnosis of cancer and pre-cancerous conditions of the cervix.
The cytology test is performed as part of cancer prevention. It involves inserting a special smear brush into the vaginal part of the cervix and taking smears, which are then examined under a microscope. Smear analysis allows the detection of epithelial cell lesions - some of them are harmless, but sometimes the test shows the presence of cancer cells. In such case, thanks to an early diagnosis, the patient has a better chance of undertaking effective treatment and recovering.
When to perform the Cytology?
It is recommended that test should be performed during the first phase of the cycle, at least two days after the end of menstruation, but no later than 14 days before the next bleeding. No vaginal preparations, lubricants or spermicides should be used during two days preceding the cervical smear.